The Wolf: The Ecology and Behavior of an Endangered Species

The Wolf: The Ecology and Behavior of an Endangered Species

L. David Mech

Language: English

Pages: 384

ISBN: 0816610266

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


Comprehensive study of the wolf's habits, behavior, and relationship with other animals and the environment.

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Biologist who has described wolves hunting mice (voles) was Murie. In Mount McKinley Park, Alaska, he has seen both adult wolves and pups engaged in this activity, although most of his mouse-hunting observations were of pups. Murie watched an adult wolf make seventeen pounces in an hour one day, and he has seen pups hunting mice for as long as four hours at a time. A wolf that is hunting mice will wander around a small area until it hears or possibly smells a mouse. It then pounces with force on.

Puppy and rests until the next birth begins.” Whelping five pups requires about three hours. Growth of pups. Newborn wolf pups are blind and deaf; they are darkly furred, and their ears are small, heads are rounded, and noses blunt or “pugged.” Each weighs about one pound (Rutter and Pimlott, 1968). FIGURE 24. Comparative growth rates of male and female wolf pups. (Pulliainen, 1965) The weights of wolf pups from birth to about one year of age (when they may reach adult size) increase at.

Ice in some places and rough chunks frozen together in others. Whenever the wolves reached ice that was different from the stretch they were on, they hesitated. Most of the animals were reluctant to continue, but the leader seemed determined to go on. After about two miles of travel, however, the entire pack turned around and backtracked to the island. Use of the major travel routes in a region is generally considered traditional, the habit being passed on from generation to generation. Young.

Example, Cowan mentioned that wolves adopt a “line abreast” formation when hunting swamps, and Stenlund (1955: 30) wrote that “when a pack reaches an area to be hunted, it separates and drives through much like a party of human deer hunters.” The above reports, however, are not well documented. Stenlund’s statement seems to be based on two observations, one of which appears to have been an interpretation of tracks in the snow; and Cowan described no specific incidents. Thus it appears that these.

Cow’s defense of her calf did not succeed involved a moose with twins. Of course, it is doubly difficult for a cow to defend two calves. In this case, the wolves successfully attacked one of the calves within a few hundred yards after catching up to the trio. Four or five animals tore at the rump and sides of the calf and pulled the animal down within fifty feet. Another time, the wolves pursued a cow and calf for two to three hundred yards and then managed to separate them. Two wolves harassed.

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