Biology, Medicine, and Surgery of Elephants
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Elephants are possibly the most well-known members of the animal kingdom. The enormous size, unusual anatomy, and longevity of elephants have fascinated humans for millenia. Biology, Medicine, and Surgery of Elephants serves as a comprehensive text on elephant medicine and surgery. Based on the expertise of 36 scientists and clinical veterinarians, this volume covers biology, husbandry, veterinary medicine and surgery of the elephant as known today.
* Written by the foremost experts in the field
* Comprehensively covers both Asian and African elephants
* Complete with taxonomy, behavioral, geographical and systemic information
* Well-illustrated and organized for easy reference
Protection Agency (EPA) for a complete list of registered products. Products should be diluted and stored according to label specifications, and all product safety measures should be followed. The efficacy of a disinfectant is affected by numerous variables, including temperature, type of surface, product concentration, contact time, pathogen load, and the presence of organic material. Tuberculosis organisms are sensitive to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, so maintaining infected elephants in open,.
P. 1934b. On a streptococcus isolated from an elephant (Sure un streptocoquie isole de 1’elephant). C R Soc Biol, Paris 115:1488–1489. 303. Von Benten, K., Fiedler, H.H., Schmidt, U., Schultz, L.C., Hahn, G. and Dittrich, L. 1975. Occurrence of tuberculosis in zoo mammals: A critical evaluation of autopsy material from 1970 to the beginning of 1974. Deutsch Tierarztl Wschr 82(8):316–318. 304. Von Hegel, G., Hanichen, T., Mahnel, H. and Wiesner, H. 1989. Warts (papilloma/sarcoid) in two elephants.
2.0–3.0 wide 3.5–6.0 long 2.5–2.75 wide 4.5–5.5 long 13.0 wide 30.0 long 9.0–12.5 wide 12.0–14.0 long Hermaphroditic 135 ϫ 86 Large intestine Hermaphroditic 135 ϫ 70 Large intestine Hermaphroditic 150 ϫ 70 Large intestine Hermaphroditic 140 ϫ 80 Hermaphroditic 115 ϫ 58 Hermaphroditic 050 ϫ 55 Pseudodiscus hawkesii Pfenderius papillatus Fasciola hepatica Liver fluke Fasciola jacksoni Liver fluke Cestodes Anaplocephala manubriata Tapeworm 2.6 cm long 1.6 cm wide 2.5–3.0 mm.
Chordata Vertebrata Mammalia Uranotheria (= Paenungulata)a Hyracoidea Tethytheria Sirenia Proboscidea Mammutidab Mammutoideab Mammutidaeb Mammutb Mammut americanumb,c Elephantida Gomphotherioideab Gomphotheriidaeb Gomphotherium angustidensb Elephantoidea Stegodontidaeb Stegodon zdanskyib Elephantidae Elephantinae Loxodontini Loxodonta cyclotisd Loxodonta africanae Elephantini Elephas maximusf Elephas maximus sumatranusg Elephas maximus indicush Elephas maximus maximusi Mammuthus primigeniusb,j.
Which amplifies sound up to 18 times, may ameliorate these limitations. Note the character, depth, and frequency of respiration by observing movements of the chest. The normal constant motion of the elephant complicates this task, and respiratory sounds cannot easily be heard by auscultation. If a pulsoximeter is available, oxygen saturation can be measured (normal is 96.2 ± 1.55%18), although this is not a necessary component of a basic exam. Observe the mammary glands in the pectoral area on.